Made To Last: Volvo 740 Parts}

Made to Last: Volvo 740 Parts


Evander Klum

Even though the manufacture of the Volvo 740 model officially stopped in the year 1992, a great deal of Volvo 740 parts are still available nowadays. This is because the 940 adapted the chassis, engine and transmission along with other components, of the Volvo 740 turbo. Admittedly, this is responsible for a number of claims circulating in automotive circles that contest the originality of the Volvo 940, believing the car is merely a repackaged version of the Volvo 740. Contrary to such talks, the 940 model does enjoy distinctive qualities that sets the two Volvo models apart.

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The Volvo 740 was introduced in the US market during the year 1985 as a mid-sized car offering better style, performance and luxury compared to the Volvo 240 series. In those days, Volvo 740 models were available in four-door sedan and five-door wagons. These versions were known as the 744 and 745 models, respectively. Having certain parts and features of the Volvo 740 salvaged as well as adapted in the Volvo 940 goes to show how effective these Volvo 740 parts are. It’s certainly one reason why one can still spot Volvo 940 running on the roads, even after production of these cars have stopped for over 15 years now. As years passed by, Volvo 740 models were manufactured with a range of different engines such as the four-cylinder in-line OHC, 986 cc or 2,316 cc, and the six-cylinder in-line 2,383 cc Turbo Diesel. Powerful engines of this league kept the Volvo 740 turbo model up and running throughout these years.

In order to preserve and maintain the quality of the driving experience that Volvo 740 delivers though, replacements must always be on the ready. Volvo 740 parts get worn down after all. In buying parts, one effective measure to take is to go for genuine Volvo car parts. The advantage of using genuine Volvo 740 parts is that these parts are particularly designed to fit with the Volvo 740. Car parts from Volvo are also guaranteed to give the best performance and deliver the optimum satisfaction road adepts and car enthusiasts deserve from a Volvo.

For more information about your parts needs like

Volvo 740 parts

, visit your trusted online source.

### Evander Klum is a Business Administration graduate who hails from Alabama. He enjoys extreme sports and he is also a car racing fanatic. At present, he works as a marketing manager at an advertising agency in Cleveland.

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Made to Last: Volvo 740 Parts


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UK clothing firm to list on Icelandic Stock Exchange

UK clothing firm to list on Icelandic Stock Exchange

Tuesday, May 3, 2005

Mosaic Fashions, a UK clothing firm, is set to make history as it becomes the first foreign company to list on the Iceland Stock Exchange (ISE).

Mosaic, which owns the clothing brands Oasis, Karen Millen, Coast and Whistles, operates 600 stores and is majority owned by retail investment group Baugur. Mosaic employs approximately 5,400 staff throughout the UK and Ireland.

The exchange was founded in 1985 and has since grown to encompass 34 firms with a combined value of over US$21bn (€16.3bn; GBP11.1bn).

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Common College Application Blunders That Must Be Avoided}

Submitted by: Andre Paul B. Reynolds

The last several months in your high school life can be tedious. You need to complete a lot of requirements and you need to comply with a lot of things. For those who are planning to go to college also need to prepare their college applications.

And with the lack of time, some students tend to rush with the creation of their college applications. This can cause them to make several errors. If you want to be sure to enter your school of choice, you need to know how to make a college application without the most common errors.

The most famous one is when you fill up your application with incorrect information. This is not only talking about your personal information. There are students who make a mistake about the name of the school that they send their applications to. This can be very possible since you are not only sending an application to only one school. To increase your chances of getting into college, you have to send out several applications in different schools. So, if you don’t get in with one school, you still have a chance with another school.

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Review the information that you have written. If possible, ask another person to proofread what you have prepared. There may be some mistakes that you will easily miss. Another eye and another person’s opinion will help.

For those who have significant drops in performance as shown in your grades, here are more tips that you need to keep in mind. You have to talk about them in your application. If there were family emergencies or tragedies that have greatly affected your performance in school, you need to be able to explain them. It is also possible for your teacher to send recommendations addressing the specific occurrence.

When you are writing an essay, make sure that you leave a mark to whoever will be reading it. You have to be memorable and worthy of note. Avoid writing about regular stuff that you know everyone else will be writing about. Or, if you are going to write about a common topic, make sure that you start from a specific form. Make it unique and comprehensive.

The more thought and time you give your application essay, the more that the admissions officer will believe that you are a student who will be suitable in their school.

You need to follow the directions in the application forms. There are a lot of students who directly start with their essay or with their application without reading the instructions. When you fail to follow instructions, that will easily be a mark against you.

There are likewise students who make an error with regards to incomplete requirements for the applications. When you are going to pass your application, make sure that you have included everything that is being asked from you. Have checklists and counter check. Once you are sure that you have completed the documents, that will be the right time that you will submit your application.

About the Author: Andre Paul B. Reynolds is a leisure writer who enjoys sharing information about

Human Services Masters Degree


Dual Degree Engineering Program

as well as other interesting topics.


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Controversy erupts over German Anarchist Pogo Party’s campaign ad

Controversy erupts over German Anarchist Pogo Party’s campaign ad

May 19, 2017 · Filed under Uncategorized

Thursday, September 8, 2005

The German Anarchist Pogo Party ran a campaign ad (Download hereNSFW) which, instead of discussing the party’s politics, featured various party scenes set to a heavy metal soundtrack. The spot included revellers smashing furniture, pouring beer down each other’s throats, and women dancing topless. The spot ends with the proclamation: “My vote for the rubbish”.

The ARD refused to air the ad because it “violates the human dignity” and showed only a heavily censored version at an earlier airtime. The Party then sued the station and got an injuction by an appeal court in Münster only minutes before the next ad was due, forcing the ARD to air the spot uncensored, right before their evening news flagship.

The ad has offended a number of people, but has likely gained the party nationwide attention among its younger demographics who could access campaign websites online ( The Hamburg-based APPD and every other party is entitled by law to free television airtime on Germany’s public TV Station ARD and ZDF for its advertisements because it is an officially registered political party competing for the upcoming federal elections. Its next ad is scheduled for Monday night, although broadcasting authorities may again censor the ad.

The party has a membership of approximately 750 — German newspapers posit that the ads will have little impact on the upcoming election.

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Australia’s Old Parliament House becomes heritage listed

Australia’s Old Parliament House becomes heritage listed

May 19, 2017 · Filed under Uncategorized

Wednesday, June 21, 2006

Australian Prime Minister John Howard announced on Tuesday that Old Parliament House in Canberra has been heritage listed. It is the 31st entry on the National Heritage List.

The listing acknowledges the role the building has in shaping Australia’s culture and protects it from being modified in any way which could affect its historic value.

Old Parliament House served as the home of Australia’s parliament from 1927 until 1988, when it was relocated to the present parliament house. From 1901-1927, parliament met in Melbourne in the Victorian Parliament House (the state parliament was relocated for 26 years). Before being known as Old Parliament House, the building was known as Provisional Parliament House – as it was intended to be used for 50 years before a permanent building could be built.

In the 61 years the building was used as the seat of parliament, the government changed only seven times, and several new political parties were formed (the Liberals, Anti-Communist Labor Party, and the Australian Democrats).

Mr Howard said the building played an important part in Australia’s political history. “Old Parliament House will always be an important part of our political history with its rich collection of original furniture, art and memorabilia helping to illustrate the story of Australia’s political customs and functions,” he said.

According to Mr Howard, the National Heritage List lists sites which have helped shape the country. “The National Heritage List contains places that have played an important role in the development of our nation, such as Captain Cook’s landing place in New South Wales, Port Arthur in Tasmania and the Australian War Memorial in Canberra,” said the Prime Minister.

The building currently houses Australia’s National Portrait Gallery, and serves as a venue for receptions and exhbitions.

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G20 protests: Inside a labour march

G20 protests: Inside a labour march

May 19, 2017 · Filed under Uncategorized

Wikinews accredited reporter Killing Vector traveled to the G-20 2009 summit protests in London with a group of protesters. This is his personal account.

Friday, April 3, 2009

London – “Protest”, says Ross Saunders, “is basically theatre”.

It’s seven a.m. and I’m on a mini-bus heading east on the M4 motorway from Cardiff toward London. I’m riding with seventeen members of the Cardiff Socialist Party, of which Saunders is branch secretary for the Cardiff West branch; they’re going to participate in a march that’s part of the protests against the G-20 meeting.

Before we boarded the minibus Saunders made a speech outlining the reasons for the march. He said they were “fighting for jobs for young people, fighting for free education, fighting for our share of the wealth, which we create.” His anger is directed at the government’s response to the economic downturn: “Now that the recession is underway, they’ve been trying to shoulder more of the burden onto the people, and onto the young people…they’re expecting us to pay for it.” He compared the protest to the Jarrow March and to the miners’ strikes which were hugely influential in the history of the British labour movement. The people assembled, though, aren’t miners or industrial workers — they’re university students or recent graduates, and the march they’re going to participate in is the Youth Fight For Jobs.

The Socialist Party was formerly part of the Labour Party, which has ruled the United Kingdom since 1997 and remains a member of the Socialist International. On the bus, Saunders and some of his cohorts — they occasionally, especially the older members, address each other as “comrade” — explains their view on how the split with Labour came about. As the Third Way became the dominant voice in the Labour Party, culminating with the replacement of Neil Kinnock with Tony Blair as party leader, the Socialist cadre became increasingly disaffected. “There used to be democratic structures, political meetings” within the party, they say. The branch meetings still exist but “now, they passed a resolution calling for renationalisation of the railways, and they [the party leadership] just ignored it.” They claim that the disaffection with New Labour has caused the party to lose “half its membership” and that people are seeking alternatives. Since the economic crisis began, Cardiff West’s membership has doubled, to 25 members, and the RMT has organized itself as a political movement running candidates in the 2009 EU Parliament election. The right-wing British National Party or BNP is making gains as well, though.

Talk on the bus is mostly political and the news of yesterday’s violence at the G-20 demonstrations, where a bank was stormed by protesters and 87 were arrested, is thick in the air. One member comments on the invasion of a RBS building in which phone lines were cut and furniture was destroyed: “It’s not very constructive but it does make you smile.” Another, reading about developments at the conference which have set France and Germany opposing the UK and the United States, says sardonically, “we’re going to stop all the squabbles — they’re going to unite against us. That’s what happens.” She recounts how, in her native Sweden during the Second World War, a national unity government was formed among all major parties, and Swedish communists were interned in camps, while Nazi-leaning parties were left unmolested.

In London around 11am the march assembles on Camberwell Green. About 250 people are here, from many parts of Britain; I meet marchers from Newcastle, Manchester, Leicester, and especially organized-labor stronghold Sheffield. The sky is grey but the atmosphere is convivial; five members of London’s Metropolitan Police are present, and they’re all smiling. Most marchers are young, some as young as high school age, but a few are older; some teachers, including members of the Lewisham and Sheffield chapters of the National Union of Teachers, are carrying banners in support of their students.

Gordon Brown’s a Tory/He wears a Tory hat/And when he saw our uni fees/He said ‘I’ll double that!’

Stewards hand out sheets of paper with the words to call-and-response chants on them. Some are youth-oriented and education-oriented, like the jaunty “Gordon Brown‘s a Tory/He wears a Tory hat/And when he saw our uni fees/He said ‘I’ll double that!'” (sung to the tune of the Lonnie Donegan song “My Old Man’s a Dustman“); but many are standbys of organized labour, including the infamous “workers of the world, unite!“. It also outlines the goals of the protest, as “demands”: “The right to a decent job for all, with a living wage of at least £8 and hour. No to cheap labour apprenticeships! for all apprenticeships to pay at least the minimum wage, with a job guaranteed at the end. No to university fees. support the campaign to defeat fees.” Another steward with a megaphone and a bright red t-shirt talks the assembled protesters through the basics of call-and-response chanting.

Finally the march gets underway, traveling through the London boroughs of Camberwell and Southwark. Along the route of the march more police follow along, escorting and guiding the march and watching it carefully, while a police van with flashing lights clears the route in front of it. On the surface the atmosphere is enthusiastic, but everyone freezes for a second as a siren is heard behind them; it turns out to be a passing ambulance.

Crossing Southwark Bridge, the march enters the City of London, the comparably small but dense area containing London’s financial and economic heart. Although one recipient of the protesters’ anger is the Bank of England, the march does not stop in the City, only passing through the streets by the London Exchange. Tourists on buses and businessmen in pinstripe suits record snippets of the march on their mobile phones as it passes them; as it goes past a branch of HSBC the employees gather at the glass store front and watch nervously. The time in the City is brief; rather than continue into the very centre of London the march turns east and, passing the Tower of London, proceeds into the poor, largely immigrant neighbourhoods of the Tower Hamlets.

The sun has come out, and the spirits of the protesters have remained high. But few people, only occasional faces at windows in the blocks of apartments, are here to see the march and it is in Wapping High Street that I hear my first complaint from the marchers. Peter, a steward, complains that the police have taken the march off its original route and onto back streets where “there’s nobody to protest to”. I ask how he feels about the possibility of violence, noting the incidents the day before, and he replies that it was “justified aggression”. “We don’t condone it but people have only got certain limitations.”

There’s nobody to protest to!

A policeman I ask is very polite but noncommittal about the change in route. “The students are getting the message out”, he says, so there’s no problem. “Everyone’s very well behaved” in his assessment and the atmosphere is “very positive”. Another protestor, a sign-carrying university student from Sheffield, half-heartedly returns the compliment: today, she says, “the police have been surprisingly unridiculous.”

The march pauses just before it enters Cable Street. Here, in 1936, was the site of the Battle of Cable Street, and the march leader, addressing the protesters through her megaphone, marks the moment. She draws a parallel between the British Union of Fascists of the 1930s and the much smaller BNP today, and as the protesters follow the East London street their chant becomes “The BNP tell racist lies/We fight back and organise!”

In Victoria Park — “The People’s Park” as it was sometimes known — the march stops for lunch. The trade unions of East London have organized and paid for a lunch of hamburgers, hot dogs, french fries and tea, and, picnic-style, the marchers enjoy their meals as organized labor veterans give brief speeches about industrial actions from a small raised platform.

A demonstration is always a means to and end.

During the rally I have the opportunity to speak with Neil Cafferky, a Galway-born Londoner and the London organizer of the Youth Fight For Jobs march. I ask him first about why, despite being surrounded by red banners and quotes from Karl Marx, I haven’t once heard the word “communism” used all day. He explains that, while he considers himself a Marxist and a Trotskyist, the word communism has negative connotations that would “act as a barrier” to getting people involved: the Socialist Party wants to avoid the discussion of its position on the USSR and disassociate itself from Stalinism. What the Socialists favor, he says, is “democratic planned production” with “the working class, the youths brought into the heart of decision making.”

On the subject of the police’s re-routing of the march, he says the new route is actually the synthesis of two proposals. Originally the march was to have gone from Camberwell Green to the Houses of Parliament, then across the sites of the 2012 Olympics and finally to the ExCel Centre. The police, meanwhile, wanted there to be no march at all.

The Metropolitan Police had argued that, with only 650 trained traffic officers on the force and most of those providing security at the ExCel Centre itself, there simply wasn’t the manpower available to close main streets, so a route along back streets was necessary if the march was to go ahead at all. Cafferky is sceptical of the police explanation. “It’s all very well having concern for health and safety,” he responds. “Our concern is using planning to block protest.”

He accuses the police and the government of having used legal, bureaucratic and even violent means to block protests. Talking about marches having to defend themselves, he says “if the police set out with the intention of assaulting marches then violence is unavoidable.” He says the police have been known to insert “provocateurs” into marches, which have to be isolated. He also asserts the right of marches to defend themselves when attacked, although this “must be done in a disciplined manner”.

He says he wasn’t present at yesterday’s demonstrations and so can’t comment on the accusations of violence against police. But, he says, there is often provocative behavior on both sides. Rather than reject violence outright, Cafferky argues that there needs to be “clear political understanding of the role of violence” and calls it “counter-productive”.

Demonstration overall, though, he says, is always a useful tool, although “a demonstration is always a means to an end” rather than an end in itself. He mentions other ongoing industrial actions such as the occupation of the Visteon plant in Enfield; 200 fired workers at the factory have been occupying the plant since April 1, and states the solidarity between the youth marchers and the industrial workers.

I also speak briefly with members of the International Bolshevik Tendency, a small group of left-wing activists who have brought some signs to the rally. The Bolsheviks say that, like the Socialists, they’re Trotskyists, but have differences with them on the idea of organization; the International Bolshevik Tendency believes that control of the party representing the working class should be less democratic and instead be in the hands of a team of experts in history and politics. Relations between the two groups are “chilly”, says one.

At 2:30 the march resumes. Rather than proceeding to the ExCel Centre itself, though, it makes its way to a station of London’s Docklands Light Railway; on the way, several of East London’s school-aged youths join the march, and on reaching Canning Town the group is some 300 strong. Proceeding on foot through the borough, the Youth Fight For Jobs reaches the protest site outside the G-20 meeting.

It’s impossible to legally get too close to the conference itself. Police are guarding every approach, and have formed a double cordon between the protest area and the route that motorcades take into and out of the conference venue. Most are un-armed, in the tradition of London police; only a few even carry truncheons. Closer to the building, though, a few machine gun-armed riot police are present, standing out sharply in their black uniforms against the high-visibility yellow vests of the Metropolitan Police. The G-20 conference itself, which started a few hours before the march began, is already winding down, and about a thousand protesters are present.

I see three large groups: the Youth Fight For Jobs avoids going into the center of the protest area, instead staying in their own group at the admonition of the stewards and listening to a series of guest speakers who tell them about current industrial actions and the organization of the Youth Fight’s upcoming rally at UCL. A second group carries the Ogaden National Liberation Front‘s flag and is campaigning for recognition of an autonomous homeland in eastern Ethiopia. Others protesting the Ethiopian government make up the third group; waving old Ethiopian flags, including the Lion of Judah standard of emperor Haile Selassie, they demand that foreign aid to Ethiopia be tied to democratization in that country: “No recovery without democracy”.

A set of abandoned signs tied to bollards indicate that the CND has been here, but has already gone home; they were demanding the abandonment of nuclear weapons. But apart from a handful of individuals with handmade, cardboard signs I see no groups addressing the G-20 meeting itself, other than the Youth Fight For Jobs’ slogans concerning the bailout. But when a motorcade passes, catcalls and jeers are heard.

It’s now 5pm and, after four hours of driving, five hours marching and one hour at the G-20, Cardiff’s Socialists are returning home. I board the bus with them and, navigating slowly through the snarled London traffic, we listen to BBC Radio 4. The news is reporting on the closure of the G-20 conference; while they take time out to mention that Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper delayed the traditional group photograph of the G-20’s world leaders because “he was on the loo“, no mention is made of today’s protests. Those listening in the bus are disappointed by the lack of coverage.

Most people on the return trip are tired. Many sleep. Others read the latest issue of The Socialist, the Socialist Party’s newspaper. Mia quietly sings “The Internationale” in Swedish.

Due to the traffic, the journey back to Cardiff will be even longer than the journey to London. Over the objections of a few of its members, the South Welsh participants in the Youth Fight For Jobs stop at a McDonald’s before returning to the M4 and home.

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Luxury Bighorn Fifth Wheels From Michigans Largest Rv Dealer!}

May 10, 2017 · Filed under Gates

Luxury Bighorn Fifth Wheels From Michigans Largest RV Dealer!


Adam144 Adam144

Luxury Bighorn Fifth Wheels: Your Best Buy At Michigans Largest RV Dealer!

The Bighorn fifth wheels are luxurious yet affordable and Lakeshore RV, in Muskegon, MI is the best place to visit if you are keen to buy luxury bighorn fifth wheels. All Bighorn fifth wheels sport an exceptional exterior with a patented front cap which is stylish and right off the bat saves you one to two miles per gallon in fuel efficiency.

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The interesting fact is that all Bighorns have a drop frame chassis which allows for 145 cubic feet of storage space allowing you to easily store your fishing gear, hunting supplies, and much more. The chassis is also conveniently equipped with tie down clamps and a central vac connection and you can add an electric awning as an additional optional feature.

It also sports a convenient docking station which is lined with fiberglass and conveniently houses the satellite connectors, city water connectors, winterization valves as well as the phone and cable hookups. From the exterior to the interior, Bighorn fifth wheels have luxury features as a standard! Pair up a luxury RV with Lakeshore-RV who has been working in the RV industry for over fifty years and you can get a great in person presentation and see for yourself the quality and luxury of owning a Bighorn fifth wheel.

Moving to the interior, there is a quick and easy access control center which features switches for most critical features you need to access such as light & exterior power switches and water heater controls. The bathroom comes fully equipped with a porcelain sink and a one piece shower and the bedroom comes with a king size bed as a standard as well as night stands and windows on each side. The 2009 models are in stock and ready to be checked out at Lakeshore-RV Supercenter. Stop in today and see Michigans most successful rv dealer at 4500 E. Apple Avenue in the city Muskegon and let a professional sales representative show you all the features in person. The new 2009 model is sure to knock your socks off so drive on out today and check out the new Bighorn fifth wheels in stock.

The kitchen in all Bighorns is absolutely luxurious with a considerable amount of countertop space for cooking and preparing meals along with beautiful oak cabinets as a standard! In addition, all RVs have a stainless steel kitchen sink with faucet as an additional standard in all of them!

Additionally, the exterior allows easy access to the 12 gallon water heater and the 35,000 40,000 BTU furnace (depending on model) that are equipped as a standard on all RVs. This luxurious fifth wheel also features a huge exterior bay window that absorbs over 80% of the UV attempting to penetrate the unit.

The living area has a comfortable sofa which can be easily converted to an air mattress bed in a matter of 20 seconds. Adding to storage capacity is a conveniently located drawer built in adding to continued efficient use of space. The living space features two recliners and a 27 LCD HD television as a standard with laminated floor throughout. If you really want to deck out your new fifth wheel, you can add a fireplace as an additional option.

Adam is author of this article onbighorn rvs.Find more information aboutbighorn rvs here.

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Luxury Bighorn Fifth Wheels From Michigans Largest RV Dealer! }

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Suspects deny London bomb plot, say lawyers

Suspects deny London bomb plot, say lawyers

May 9, 2017 · Filed under Uncategorized

Sunday, June 4, 2006

The two brothers who were arrested on Friday regarding intelligence of a chemical bomb plot in East London have denied all the accusations, according to their lawyers.

In relation to the accusations of manufacturing a chemical device, Kate Roxburgh, Mohammed Abdul Kahar’s lawyer, said “(Kahar) says there’s absolutely not a word of truth in any of it. He says the police are not going to find anything because there is nothing to find.”

Koyair’s lawyer has denied his client has been involved in a terrorist plot.

The announcement comes after the dramatic events of Friday morning, where over 250 police officers were involved in a raid on a house in the Forest Gate area of the city. The raid took place after British security services received intelligence of a “viable” chemical device within the property.

Mohammed Abdul Kahar, aged 23, and his 20 year-old brother Abul Koyair were arrested in a dawn raid on Friday under the Terrorism Act after several weeks of surveillance by MI5. During the operation, Kahar was shot in the shoulder.

Early reports suggested that police were responsible for the injury, from which Kahar is now recovering. However, one source claims that it was actually Abul Koyair who pulled the trigger, accidentally wounding his brother in the panic – an allegation that Koyair has denied.

The brothers, who are both Muslim and of Bangladeshi origin, are being questioned today at London’s high-security Paddington Green Police Station. Meanwhile, police officers are still searching the house for a device, which they believe to be a conventional explosive with added chemical components.

Due to the ongoing investigations, there is still a large police presence at the residence, as well as a layer of sheeting surrounding the building. Despite the small yet ever-present chance of a chemical incident, other residents of the street have not been evacuated.

In response to safety fears, police said that “nothing suspicious was found in an initial search of the house and that neighbours are not in danger.”

BBC News reported that Health Secretary Patricia Hewitt was “keeping ministers informed” about the unfolding situation but would not comment about specific points of the investigation.

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What Is Mulch}

May 9, 2017 · Filed under Transport Logistics

What Is Mulch


Victoria Gates

What is mulch? Mulch is the layer of organic or inorganic material that is spread on top of the soil to conserve the soil moisture, discourage the growth of weeds, and to help prevent erosion. Mulch will also prevent large fluctuations in soil temperature. Mulch essentially modifies the soil micro-climate around your growing plants and as an added bonus makes your landscape look even nicer.

Ideally the mulch you place down is both light and permeable enough to allow water and air to pass through. Mulch must also be dense enough to inhibit or eliminate the growth of weeds. Mulches may be organic meaning plant materials like pine straw mulch, mineral for example crushed stone or gravel rocks, or synthetic meaning plastics or geotextiles are used. Understanding these major differences in types of mulch will help you choose the best mulch for your situation.

One of the main differences in the mulch types mentioned above is that organic and mineral mulches cool the soil while synthetic mulches warm it up. Any biodegradable material like pine needles can be used as organic mulch in fact the most easily attainable materials include shredded or chipped bark, shredded leaves, hay, or straw.

A big benefit of natural mulch is that the plant roots are not subjected to extreme temperatures. Mulch free roots get hot and dry in the summer and can be damaged by the heaving of soil during sudden frosts and thaws in winter. Organic mulches and some mineral mulch contain nutrients that gradually wash down into the soil and fertilize the plant roots.

Weeding and weekly maintenance of the garden is practically eliminated when you mulch! The few weeds that manage to poke up through the mulch are easily nipped out, and there’s no need to cultivate because the mulch keeps the soil loose. Mulch protects the soil from the drying action of the wind, and protects it from erosion from hard rain. Mulched plants can often endure a long dry spell with hardly any watering.

Pine Straw mulch protects and enriches vegetables such as squash, cucumber, un-staked tomatoes or strawberries that lie on the ground when they’re ripe. The pine mulch keeps them clean and dry, preventing rot and mildew. Likewise, low growing flowers will not be splashed with mud in a well mulched flower bed.

However, if the soil is waterlogged from spring rains, let it dry out a bit before mulching perennials to avoid crown rot, another fungal infection. It is best to leave an open circle a few inches in diameter around the base of each plant for air circulation. So make sure you pick out good quality organic mulch like pine straw this spring! Your plants will benefit by having their roots protected in the summer and your soil will stay loose and breathable, weeding will disappear off your chore list and you’ll save on water too!

Victoria Gates is a proud supporter of small American businesses such as

the best pine straw North Florida based wholesaler Custom Pine Straw. Delivering to South Carolina, Florida and Georgia. You can buy pine straw truckloads and find out more about their operations and location by visiting

on the web.

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Criticism over Qingzang Railway as opening nears

Criticism over Qingzang Railway as opening nears

May 8, 2017 · Filed under Uncategorized

Friday, April 28, 2006

            Claimed by Tibetan exile groups.
Tibetan areas designated by PRC.
Tibet Autonomous Region (actual control).
Claimed by India as part of Aksai Chin.
Claimed by the PRC as part of TAR.
Other historically culturally-Tibetan areas.

The Qingzang Railway is a project by the Chinese Government to build a unique railway linking Tibet with Mainland China. The railway will include sections at high altitude, crossing 5000 metre high mountains, long tunnels and lots of track laid on permafrost. The railway is being hailed in China as “an engineering miracle”, but has attracted criticism from across the world over fears that the railway, the first to link it to outside the region, will increase Chinese control over the Tibetan autonomous region and will erode Tibetan culture and traditions.

Currently, Tibet can only be reached by air and by road. Departing from lower-altitude airports to fly into Tibet carries the risk of experiencing high altitude sickness, and the landing at Lhasa can be ‘hair-raising’. Travelling by road means several days on a bus or hitchhiking on trucks over windy mountain roads. When the Quingzang Railway opens, it is expected that direct trains will run from Beijing and other cities.

China has long received criticism over its treatment of Tibet. The Tibet Autonomous Region excludes many areas claimed to be part of ‘historic Tibet’, and the former government of Tibet, headed by the Dalai Lama, now live in exile in India. China claims that the railway will bring greater freedoms and economic opportunities to the people of Tibet. For an area that has long been in relative isolation though, the railway is bound to have a profound effect. Locals may worry about what would happen to their trade if they were suddenly forced to compete with businesses from Mainland China. Much of Tibet is also ancient, with old buildings and traditional practices, which may be under threat from the new physical link with China.

There are also concerns from environmentalists. The passage between Tibet and China contains some unique flora and endangered animal species, such as Tibetan antelope, which may be threatened by the railroad. Construction of the railway will generate 7,000 tons of rubbish from 20,000 builders. Some of this rubbish will have been buried on the spot whilst some forms of non-degradable rubbish which may pollute water is said to have been transported to Golmud or Lhasa for treatment. A bridge is also said to have been built at Wudaoliang Basin to enable animals to cross. Once open the railway will generate more waste, and whilst the carriages are said to be enclosed, preventing passengers from throwing out rubbish, it remains to be seen what additional impact the running of the railway will create.

As well as passengers, the railway will also have a strong use in transporting freight, currently carried on trucks. This will mean that more coal and petroleum-based products will be brought into Tibet. Whilst China claims that this will enable Tibetans to stop logging pine trees for fuel, aiding the local ecology, the railway will accelerate Tibet’s use of climate-damaging fossil fuels.

Some Canadian student groups had called for a boycott of the Bombardier Transportation group, who has a contract with China to provide some of the carriages.

Most of the line is now complete, ahead of schedule. Signaling equipment is currently being installed, with trials said to begin in July. The railway is scheduled to open fully in 2007. Luxury carriages will carry tourists, with sleeping compartments and oxygen tanks to enable breathing within the high-altitude areas.

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